Information about doing business in Azerbaijan from HLB
Azerbaijan has been one of the region’s strongest agricultural centres since pre-Soviet times. The
country’s climatic and ecological diversity allows for differentiation in crop cultivation.
Following the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the dissolution of collectivised property,
Azerbaijan has adopted a policy of deregulation and allowed up to 99% of its agricultural sector to be
privatised. Agriculture now accounts for 6% of the country’s GDP, and employees 39% of the labour
Following the privatisation of farm properties, the focus of Azerbaijani agriculture has shifted to
producing profit-yielding crops and increasing self-sufficiency. For instance, rice fields were replaced
by grain fields in the 1990s, resulting in a rise in grain production up to 1.5 million tonnes per year.
Azerbaijan continues to be strong in the cultivation of specialised, often rare, crops. Aside from
cotton, tea, tobacco and vegetable production, the country produces other potentially valuable crops,
ncluding indigenous pink grapes (used for “Madrasa” flavoured wine), persimmons, and other rare